Anyone who understands the military knows that order, organization, and firm rules are defining features of the armed forces. Military personnel are held to a strict code of conduct, and soldiers are expected to treat their superiors with respect and obey the chain of command. As you might expect, this sense of discipline and routine extends to military law and punishments as well. The Manual for Courts-Martial (MCM) acts as the official guide for courts-martial in the United States, detailing and expanding upon the laws in the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). To learn more about this important document and its regulations, please scroll down.
Manual for Courts-Martial
The Manual for Courts-Martial dates back to at least 1890, when Captain P. Henry Ray, Acting Judge Advocate, prepared Instructions for Courts-Martial and Judge Advocates under the direction of Brigadier General John R. Brooke of the Commanding Department. The Manual for Courts-Martial contains 5 parts and 27 appendices, with each part defining a different aspect of the military's judicial court system. The manual has changed many times since then, with its most recent revisions occurring on May 15, 2013, by presidential order. Review Executive Order 13643 to see the specific amendments to the MCM.
- Part I: The two-page Preamble (Part I) begins the MCM, providing background and jurisdictional information. It also digs into the nature and purpose of military law and the application of the manual.
- Part II: The second section explains the Rules for Courts-Martial, beginning with general provisions and then exploring the initiation of charges, the composition of a court-martial, the trial procedure, sentencing, appeals, and much more.
- Part III: The third section focuses on the Military Rules of Evidence. For example, it elucidates the rules that apply to confessions, rights of the accused, unlawful searches and seizures, eyewitness identification, and more. It digs into the relevancy of particular types of evidence, as well as the privileges granted to those involved.
- Part IV: The fourth section lays out the elements and punishments of all the various offenses (i.e., punitive articles). For each offense, you can view the text of the statute, the maximum punishment, and other important details. There are 113 articles, one for each offense.
- Part V: The fifth section defines guidelines for non-judicial punishments (NJP). It clarifies who can impose nonjudicial punishments, the procedure, punishments, appeals, and more.
- Appendices: The 28 appendices make up a large portion of the overall text, as they include the Constitution of the United States and the UCMJ, amongst other important documents.
Preparing for a Court-Martial
If you or someone you know is preparing for a court-martial, be sure to review all of the relevant sections of the Manual for Courts-Martial. Then, contact the top-quality lawyers at Newsom & Gapasin. Whether you're under investigation, facing a court-martial, or seeking an appeal, our experienced and aggressive law firm would be happy to help. We focus on winning tough cases, some of which have been reported on by national media outlets like CNN, Fox News, Time, the Washington Post, and the New York Times. For more information, please give us a call at 1-(888) 919-8265 . You could also send an e-mail to [email protected] or click here to contact us online. We look forward to hearing from you!